What Should You Know Before Buying Land?

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    The great Australian dream is to own your own piece of property, but there are many factors to take into account while looking for the ideal location. Despite the fact that navigating these waters could make you feel anxious, having the assistance of a trained expert will allow you to feel more at ease. When it comes to providing you with the most helpful information possible on the purchase of a piece of land, we have collaborated with a number of real estate agents.

    Finding a house that meets all of the requirements you have for your ideal residence but is still available on the market might be difficult at times. In the event that this is the circumstance, there is always the possibility of purchasing a plot of land and constructing your very own house, which you may design from the ground up according to your every whim and fancy.

    Before you put your name on the dotted line for the purchase of empty land, however, there are a few things you should make sure to look into first, despite the fact that this might be an option to purchasing an existing property. Your pleasure of your new house might be significantly impacted if you do not do an extensive study about the land that you have your eye on purchasing.

    The acquisition of a vacant lot, like the purchase of any other piece of real estate, is a significant and difficult choice. To begin, purchasing a piece of land is a wise investment for a variety of reasons.

    If you purchase a home, it's presumably so you can live in it; but, if you buy land, you have the option of building your own house on it, using the property as a long-term investment, or even starting a company on it.

    If you buy a house, it's probably so you can live in it. In addition, the home comes with a slew of complications that are not generally present throughout the home-buying process. There is a possibility that you won't be allowed to construct a home at all on an empty lot because of the myriad of regulations that could be placed on it.

    Purchasing land may be a smart financial move and the first step towards creating the house of your dreams. The purchase of a lot is not a choice that should be made flippantly; a piece of property may quickly become a money hole or a maze of paperwork and legal expenses if proper research, a comprehensive checklist, and due diligence are not performed beforehand.

    FAQs About Home Design

    The north-east corner is considered the luckiest corner according to Vastu Shastra for buying land. If the plot has a cut on this side, they believe it inauspicious for any purpose.

    How a Land Flip Works. After manipulating the market price of a property, land flip perpetrators sell it to an unsuspecting outside buyer at an inflated price. When that buyer attempts to resell the land at a later date, its value may be much lower than where they purchased it.

    Land values increase when demand for land exceeds the supply of available land or if a particular piece of land has intrinsic value greater than neighboring areas (e.g., oil can be found on the land).

    Loan for land purchase is offered by banks when you need financing to buy a plot or a piece of land. This loan is generally provided for residential purposes and in urban areas. However, some banks do let you use the loan amount to purchase land in a rural area.

    A consultancy has warned that material prices will not fall this year, as supply chain problems and high production costs continue to hit the industry.

    Here Is What to Look For Before You Sign the Deed on Your Lot


    Before making a purchase of property, the location is the single most critical consideration you should make. When it comes to real estate, location is more important than anything else, and it should be the very first thing that a potential buyer considers before making a purchase.

    In addition, it is important to take into account not only the municipality but also the actual position of the lot in relation to the rest of the neighbourhood. For instance, a lot that is located at the end of a peaceful cul-de-sac and backs onto greenspace would be valued more than property in the same neighbourhood but is near to a busy highway. This is because both of these factors contribute to the lot's peaceful atmosphere.

    You will want to evaluate the location of the property as well as its closeness to various conveniences such as public transportation, roads, schools, parks, and so on. This will depend on the specific requirements that you have. You should also take into consideration how close the land is to your place of employment in order to make sure that your commute will not be much longer than you would want it to be.

    Property Setbacks

    Prior to purchasing a piece of land, it is important to take into consideration the setbacks, which are the regulations that state how far a structure may be set back from the boundary of the lot.

    These regulations must be followed. The setbacks on the land will determine the locations on the lot where it is permissible for you to construct the home. And if you want or need to construct a home of a certain size, you'll want to be sure that the lot is large enough to support the construction of a house of that size. In this regard, setbacks play a significant role.

    Zoning Requirements

    Land in a jurisdiction may be designated for either residential or commercial use, or even both types of development at the same time. If the property that you want to acquire is located in an area that is largely utilised for business reasons, you will need to investigate whether or not it is legal to construct a residential construction on the site before you purchase it.

    Aside from that, you generally wouldn't want to construct a house in a region where a large number of commercial buildings are going to be constructed.

    In addition, if you have plans to construct other buildings on the property, such as storage sheds or detached garages, you will need to find out whether or not the region is zoned to allow for the construction of such buildings. In addition, there is a possibility that the lots in the neighbourhood are subject to zoning regulations that set a minimum square footage requirement for the homes that may be constructed on those lots.

    Make sure that the minimal construction size is within your means if you do not like to construct or maintain a huge house or if you do not have the financial means to do so.

    Natural Hazards

    You should make it a priority to ensure that the piece of property you buy is not susceptible to any particular natural threats. It is possible that the land, depending on its precise location, is in danger of being destroyed by wildfires, which have been a significant issue in many regions of California as of late. Before making a purchase, it is important to ascertain whether or not the property is situated inside a fire zone.

    In addition, you will want to have an analysis done on the land's soil to determine its quality and composition. This will have an impact on the manner in which your new house is constructed, the cost of the home's foundation, and any landscaping that you may want to perform in the future.


    Before you make a decision to acquire the property, it is important that you find out whether or not there is an easement recorded against the title.

    Regardless of who the property is actually owned by, a third party or entity may acquire the legal right to utilise the land of another individual or organisation for a certain set of activities via the use of an easement.

    Your sense of privacy could be affected, for example, if your land is subject to an easement that lets others walk over it to go to another lot nearby. This kind of arrangement makes it possible for others to invade your space in this way.

    Utility Sources

    When your house is finally finished being constructed, how will you power it? Where will the water for your water supply originate from? Find out how your house will get access to water, power, gas, garbage, and even phone or cable service. This is something you will want to investigate.

    This is of utmost significance in more rural areas, where the costs associated with hooking up to municipal services might be prohibitively costly. Before you make an offer on the property, you are going to want to make sure that you have already been in contact with the water and utility providers to find out how much it will cost to connect the water, electricity, trash, and any other connections.

    Road Access

    When you're looking to buy a vacant lot, road access is one of the most unexpected factors to take into consideration, despite the fact that it could seem like a no-brainer. It is an uncommon occurrence in metropolitan settings, but it is possible that rural property for sale in the suburbs or out in the country could be inaccessible from the main thoroughfare and will be reachable only by private means. This may result in a variety of issues being brought up.

    It is possible that a piece of property may not have a connection to municipal water or sewage systems if it is really inaccessible through public routes. It is possible that in order to manage those fundamental utilities, you will need a septic system and a well, both of which will add to the cost of the building.

    However, the problem of access is of far greater significance. Always having access to an empty property is made possible by the presence of a public road. Things, however, get more difficult when private roads are included into the equation.

    The most common way to solve the problem of landlocked property is to negotiate with a neighbour for assured access to a private road that runs through their land. This agreement is referred to as an easement. Following that, we will talk about this.


    After bringing up the possibility of it being a necessary preliminary expense during the procedure of purchasing a lot, we are at last going to discuss the age-old practise of surveying. It is not going to be immediately obvious how the property borders on a map (what is often known in the real estate industry as a plat) match up with the land itself when you look at the map.

    Surveying is an important part of this process. In order to define and mark the precise property boundaries of your empty lot, professional surveyors will do research on your property and utilise a plat to do so. When you investigate the possibility of purchasing a piece of property, it's probable that a survey was carried out on it not too long ago.

    On the property, there need to be visual evidence of a survey in the form of signs that designate the property's corner borders. If you investigate the documents associated with a vacant property on your own, you could possibly come across proof of a survey.

    Even if a survey has been conducted, the results may be out of date and unreliable. When you get into legal concerns like easements, having a precise definition of your property line is highly crucial.

    You may get this definition by having a fresh survey done. In addition, surveys have a variety of other applications than the delineation of property lines. As an example, a building survey may provide assistance in making accurate calculations of elevation and in planning out the size of a home.

    And floodplain studies, which will be further discussed in the next section, provide essential information on the likelihood of flooding on your parcel of land.


    It is not a good thing to have floods unless you are planning to acquire an empty lot with the intention of turning it into a marshy mess. It is a massively destructive force that is capable of completely destroying structures and causing water damage that may run into thousands of dollars. Does that sound interesting? Nope. Not one bit.

    How then may you determine whether or not an empty property is located inside a floodplain? First things first, check out the plats. It's possible that a previous study on the site has already mapped out the property's elevation and identified any potential flood zones, saving you the trouble of doing the job yourself.

    If everything else fails, you may seek assistance from a surveyor. Letter designations make it easy to understand the boundaries of flood zones. In Zone A, there is a one percent probability of flooding on a yearly basis; construction in this zone requires flood insurance. Ratings of Zones X or C are desirable since they indicate a probability of flooding that is less than 0.2 per cent per year.


    The unfortunate reality of the real estate world is that almost anything you construct will need for the acquisition of a building permit. Before beginning construction, you will be required to comply with the zoning regulations of the government and secure the necessary permissions for constructing, permits for burning, permits for... well, the list goes on and on.

    Although they are a nuisance, permits don't always spell bad news for businesses or individuals. In the end, keep in mind that despite the fact that they limit what you may do, restrictive covenants shield you from the undesirable behaviours of your neighbours.

    Construction permits assist safeguard the land and guarantee that you comply with building rules. Building codes ensure that you cannot recklessly construct a structure that is going to fall in on itself like a house of cards.

    As the development moves further, you should be ready to submit applications for permits, permits, and more permits. Do you need to dig a well on the land in order to get water? You'll need a permit.

    Do you need to build a septic system in order to maintain your sewage system? You will need a permit for this. The building process is riddled with permit requirements, from plumbing to electrical work.

    On the bright side, all of that paperwork will, in the end, ensure a strong investment that is in full compliance with the law. However, first and foremost, you will need to locate the ideal piece of property; it is time to get outside and begin your search.

    Important Questions to Ask Before Buying Land Real Estate

    What Rights and Titles Are Included with This Property?

    The advantages that come along with owning a piece of property are known as rights. The titles are a little bit more challenging. A title is a collection of rights that pertain to a specific piece of land, such as easements for access and exclusive possession.

    Because many titles are handed down from one owner to the next, the information contained inside them may be out of date or too complex. Consider working with a title attorney if the sale of your property includes the transfer of any titles.

    Do I Have Access to Electricity/Wi-Fi Everywhere on This Property?

    Because the owner did not enquire about the availability of power or Wi-Fi in advance, it is fairly typical for houses to have vast 'dead' zones in which neither amenity is present. There is no guarantee that you will be able to utilise the powerline just because the property has access to it.

    Are There Any Environmental Hazards I Should Be Aware Of?

    You may believe that just strolling about a property would allow you to identify any potentially lethal environmental dangers, but this is not the case. On the other hand, many dangers to the ecosystem are not visible to the human eye.

    Toxic runoff in the water, leaky underground pipelines that contaminate the soil, and inappropriate storage of chemicals by past owners are all examples of potential sources of contamination.

    In the best case scenario, having an environmental hazard on your property may be detrimental to the land itself, and in the worst case scenario, it can put you at risk for major health problems. Keep in mind that the law in most jurisdictions does not require the seller to provide you with any information about environmental concerns unless you specifically ask for it.

    Has the Soil Been Tested for Percolation Rate?

    You may determine whether or not the ground can absorb water from a septic system by measuring the soil's percolation rate. It is vital to employ a soil scientist to investigate the topography, different kinds of soil, and the capacity of the soil to absorb water if the area in question has not been examined before.

    How Is the Property Reached?

    A property may often be accessed in one of two primary methods; are you aware of which one applies to yours? A frontage road is a local road that allows access to private homes.

    Frontage roads are often called access roads. These things contribute to an increase in a property's value. A deeded access is a two-party arrangement in which the landowner, who does not have acceptable access to his property, and a neighbouring neighbour, who does have a means of access, come to an agreement on the right of way. In this scenario, the landowner deeds the access to the neighbour.

    If your property is accessible through a deeded access, you are obligated to learn as quickly as possible the terms of the agreement, and if required, you should have a conversation with your neighbour to see if any aspects of the deeded access have evolved.

    Are the Boundaries of the Property Marked?

    This is without a doubt one of the most essential questions to enquire about. It is possible to be sued if you plant anything on land that is not yours, even if you were unaware that you were doing so.

    If there is any doubt regarding the location of the borders of your property, you should enquire about whether or not a survey of the land has been performed in the recent past. You will be able to see the most accurate and clear depiction of the boundaries of your property if you have had a recent survey done.

    How Does the Water Drain from the Property?

    Drainage of water might have an effect on the plants that you produce. Some parcels of land rapidly lose their moisture, while others remain damp throughout the majority of the year. If you are unaware of the drainage in the area and plant the incorrect crop, it has the potential to either drown or dry out the product. Inadequate drainage around buildings is another factor that may contribute to long-term damage and mould growth.

    Is More Than 70% of The Property Sloped Suitably for Growing and Harvesting Timber?

    This recommendation is brought to you by Accredited Land Consultant, ALC. If you are interested in purchasing timberland, the answer to this question should be one of your top priorities.

    Why are we talking about more than 70 percent of the land? Because the production of wood needs a large amount of land, the greatest investment you can make for your future timber company is to ensure that the bulk of your property is suitable for the production of timber.

    Where Are the Nearest Wood Mills?

    Buyers of timberland often fail to give sufficient consideration to this factor. Some estates are located so far away from wool mills that the expense of getting your wood and the amount of time it would take would be a significant drain on your budget, resulting in a reduced return on investment (ROI).

    What's Going on With the Other Properties Near Me?

    It is in your best interest to be aware of what is taking on on the property in your immediate vicinity and to get acquainted with those who live nearby. Are there any properties nearby that are in the planning or construction stages? Have there been any problems or dangers related to the environment with your neighbours? You will have a better understanding of what to anticipate from your property as a result of reading this.

    What Is The Property's Highest and Best Use?

    The highest and best use is defined as "the reasonably probable and lawful use of unoccupied land or an upgraded property that is physically viable, suitably supported, financially feasible, and that results in the greatest value." This definition comes from the Appraisal Institute. Before making a purchase, it is essential to think about the highest and best use of the property, which is necessary since the value of the land may be affected by the ways in which it is put to use.

    Building your own house is the best method to guarantee that the property you purchase is totally personalised to your preferences, and there is no other option. However, the first thing you need to do is purchase some property on which to construct your home, which comes with its own unique set of responsibilities.

    You should do some research on the lot you want to acquire to ensure that it will meet all of your requirements without any constraints. Work together with a real estate expert who is well-versed in the process of purchasing unoccupied land to identify a piece of property that satisfies all of your requirements without limiting the ways in which you will be able to utilise and appreciate it.


    The purchase of a vacant lot, just like the purchasing of any other piece of real estate, is a substantial and challenging decision. You will be able to experience a greater sense of calm when you have the guidance of a knowledgeable professional. Due of the plethora of restrictions that could be imposed on an empty lot, there is a chance that you won't be given permission to build a house on it. This is because of the regulations. The acquisition of a lot is not a choice that should be taken lightly at any point in time. A property that is in a more desirable location, such as at the end of a quiet cul-de-sac and with greenspace to the rear of it, would fetch a higher price than one that is next to a highway.

    Land within a jurisdiction may be zoned for either residential or commercial development, or it may even be developed for both sorts of uses at the same time if the jurisdiction so chooses. When you are looking to acquire a piece of land, one of the most important considerations you should make is whether or not it is vulnerable to any natural hazards. It is likely that the land, depending on its particular position, is in risk of being destroyed by flames, which have been a serious problem in many areas of California as of late. Wildfires have been a significant concern in many regions of California as of late. Find out whether there is an easement that has been registered against the property's title before you make a choice about whether or not to purchase the real estate. This is very significant. Find out how much it will cost to connect the various services, such as the water, the power, the garbage, and any other services.

    If a piece of land is really inaccessible via public ways, there is a chance that it will not have a link to municipal water or sewage systems. This is one of the potential consequences. Negotiating with a neighbour for guaranteed access to a private road is the approach that is most often used when faced with the challenge of a landlocked property. Surveyors will do research on your property using a plat as the primary research tool. There must be visible proof of a survey in the form of signs that mark the corner bounds of the property. This evidence must be present. When it comes to producing precise estimates of elevation and working out the layout of a house, a building survey may be of great help.

    Studies of the floodplain, which will be covered in more detail in the next section, give crucial information on the possibility of flooding occuring on your particular piece of property. You will be needed to ensure that you are in compliance with the zoning restrictions of the government and that you have obtained the relevant approvals for building before you can begin construction. It is against the law to build a structure in such a way that it would collapse in on itself like a house of cards if the relevant building regulations are not followed. A title is a set of rights that belong to a particular piece of land, such as easements for access and exclusive ownership, and it is the collection of these rights that is called a title. Are you aware of the two major entry routes that are often available for a property and whether or not each of them is available to you?

    A neighbourhood road that provides access to individual residences is referred to as a frontage road. If the region has never been investigated before, it is imperative to hire a soil scientist to explore the topography, various types of soil, and the ability of the soil to absorb water. If the area has never been investigated before, it is imperative to hire a soil scientist. If you own property that may be accessed via a deeded access, it is your responsibility to become familiar with the conditions of the agreement as soon as is practicable. Even if you were uninformed that you were planting anything on property that does not belong to you, you might still be subject to legal action if you planted something there. If you have had a recent survey done on your land, you will be able to see a portrayal of the boundaries of your property that is the most exact and clear it can be.

    It is crucial to consider the highest and best use of the property, which is required since the value of the land may be altered by the ways in which it is put to use. It is essential to think about the highest and best use of the property. There are certain estates that are placed so far away from wool mills that the cost of collecting your wood would be a considerable drain on your budget, which would result in a lower return on investment. This is the case with some of these properties (ROI).

    Scroll to Top